The American National Standard for High-Visibility Safety Apparel and Accessories (ANSI/ISEA 107-2015) is a standard established by American National Standards Institute, Inc. Construction, maintenance, utility, emergency responders, airport ramp personnel and many categories of off-road workers are routinely exposed to potential injury hazards from their low visibility while on the job. This standard provides guidelines for the selection and use of high-visibility safety apparel such as shirts, rainwear, outerwear, safety vests, headwear, and other high-visibility accessories to improve worker visibility during the day, in low-light conditions, and at night. Notable changes from the third edition (ANSI/ISEA 107-2010) include new type designations for high visibility safety apparel (HVSA); recombination of the ANSI/ISEA 107 and 207 standards into one document; and expansion of the scope of high visibility accessories. The appendices have been updated to include additional examples of garment designs and trim patterns.
Garment Types and Classes
Three type designations for high visibility safety apparel are new to the ANSI 107-2015 standard. These types will help the user to choose options according to work environment. This also made it easier to combine ANSI 107 with the previous ANSI 207 classification and still keep the public safety options separate from other occupational garments. The types are further broken down into classes 1, 2 or 3.
Type “O” garments are for occupational workers who are not required by MUTCD 2009 to wear highvisibility safety apparel, but may still work in an environment with moving equipment/vehicles and accompanying struck-by hazards, and visibility is a concern.
Type “R” garments are for occupational workers who are exposed to roadway traffic and who work in an environment with moving equipment/vehicles. This type designation and the classes within it now describe and make up the PPE that is federally mandated per the MUTCD 2009.
Type “P” garments are derived from the previous ANSI 207 standard. This type designation gives additional options for fire, police, and EMS personnel who have other potential hazards that require them to access equipment on their person. Type P garments differ from type R garments mainly in the
area requirements for background material.
Three classes of high-visibility safety apparel help the user to choose the proper garments based on expected work environment risks. The classes state the minimum amount of background and retroreflective material, and specify placement of retroreflective material as well as any technical
requirements for garment design.
Retroreflective Material Placement
Class 1 and 2 garments, such as vests and T-shirts, and Class 3 garment configurations, such as a vest with Class E pants ensembles, coveralls, outerwear and rainwear should achieve the following:
• Use of retroreflective band widths appropriate for the garment class
• Provide 360° visibility with horizontal gaps of 50mm or less
• Garments without reflective material encircling the sleeves are required to have 150 cm2 (23.25 in2) of reflective material in the shoulder area, to provide 180º visibility of the wearer. Shoulder area is defined as measuring down from the shoulder high point, on the front and back of the garment. The requirement of 23.25 in2 is the total amount of reflective material required in the shoulder area including the front and back of the garment, e.g., shoulder area retroreflective material amount front + rear 23.25 in 2.15 cm (5.9 in)
• Appropriate separation distances of vertical and horizontal bands placed on the torso, sleeves and trouser areas.
• Appropriate retroreflective band placement and garment design.
Care Labeling, General Marking and Instructions for Use
Once all materials have been tested against performance requirements and certificates of compliance from a third party testing laboratory have been issued, apparel manufacturers then assemble garments according to the design guidelines in Section 6 of the standard for the appropriate type and class of garment. Only after all the materials’ performance and design requirements have been met, can a garment be labeled ANSI/ISEA 107-2015 compliant. Care labeling, general marking and instructions for use are described in Sections 11 to 13 of the standard.
Marking includes, at a minimum, the following information:
• Manufacturer’s name or other means of identification.
• Item number or other identification of the specific style of product.
• This ANSI/ISEA standard name including year (ANSI/ISEA 107-2015).
• Compliance with flame resistance can be indicated in one of 2 ways:
1. The letters “FR” on the label followed by the designation of the ASTM or NFPA standard specification from the list of allowed standards in Section 10.5.
2. Garments which fully meet the third party certification requirements to NFPA 1977, or 2112, may use the separate label indicated by the NFPA standard to indicate FR compliance.
• If garment is not flame resistant, label must include the statement, “This garment is not flame resistant as defined by ANSI/ISEA 107-2015.”
• Pictogram showing the garment Type, Class and Level of performance for the retroreflective material. Universal pictogram can be used or a pictogram that represents the garment being labeled.
• Maximum number of wash processes (i.e.: Max 50).